Rupandehi district lies in Terai (lower plains bordering to India) of Western Development Region, is home to numerous intricately linked violence, which encompass gender, ethnic, religious, and caste respectively.
Here it is important to mention that Women, Dalit (low caste) and people with Disablity are most at risk of various forms of violence due to societal preoccupied structural mindset such as social, cultural, gender and patriarchal nature etc. Their access to legal empowerment and justice are limited. Though the country's constitution has not demarcated any barriers and is inclusive in nature.
So, intervention needed in bringing attention of the key stakeholders about the various forms of violence Women, Dalits and Disabled are facing, bringing them to transitional justice, take concerns over their Rights being human. Existing legal provisions, their updates, advocacy for new policy formulation by enhancing policy debates are necessary to disseminate, enhancing stakeholders understandings, measures to reduce discriminatory environment and increase their access to the available services are important to help them to live a dignified life.
Hence, NAMUNA proposed to empower these groups of people through use of democratic instruments and facilitates fostering an environment to increase the stakeholders' capacity to create an enabling environment, use media to foster democratic practices and capacitates these groups to increase their access to livelihood opportunities through their skill enhancement and entrepreneurship promotion to earn a dignified life.
The current scenario can be elaborated as below,
Women- suffering with political, social, economic, dowry, early child marriage, rapes, domestic violence that in extreme cases lead to suicide, witchcraft forms of violence, thus remain deprived, disadvantaged, distanced and poor. Asia Foundation report has mentioned that women are vulnerable to both domestic and public violence, such as rape, sexual abuse in the workplace, human trafficking, traditional practices, such as dowry-related violence can also be life threatening.
Dalit (so called low caste people) - Rupandehi, is the home of hill (pahade) and terai Dalits. Among hill Dalits, their economic situation is betterof due to their access to better businesses, abroad employment and involvement with power sharing with major political parties. Though, some forms of untouchability confined among them e.g., kami bishwokarma who considers themselves as better in hierarchy (thulo) than sarki (sano). However, terai Dalits situation even more deplorable. They are lagging far behind in education, health and several other sectors, among them the socio-economic conditions of the women are even worse. Virtually, they are Dalits of the Dalits.
Disability Socially, disable people mostly do not counted as family members. Additionally, facing discrimination by the state due to unfriendly working environment, limited access to power property and prestige. On medical side, disabled have the same health needs as non-disabled people for Reproductive Health, cancer screening and other forms of medical needs. However, lacks proper attentions due to the ignorance and in some cases they need escorting to access the services, hence, get deprived.
The reasons are, mostly they're fragmented, facing livelihood challenges due to poverty and curbed with the implications associated, not aware about their Rights, policies knowledge, their timely updates for making them friendlier for creating enabling environment are lacking, stigmatised and thus discriminated.